Nobel Prizes are bestowed every year on the December 8 to people or organizations that had contributed to society in various and unique ways within the following fields: physics, chemistry, physiology, medicine, literature, economics and peace.
The Nobel Committee started to award this prize in 1901 according to Alfred Nobel’s will (the inventor of dynamite) and until now, only nine Israelis received the Nobel Prize:
In 1966, Shmuel Yosef Agnon was awarded the Nobel Prize in literature.
This prize was awarded to the Jewish poet Nelly Saches too.
In 1978, Menachem Begin, the sixth prime minister of the state of Israel, was awarded the Nobel Peace Prize for signing the peace treaty with Egypt.
He shared this prize with Anwar Sadat, the third prime minister of Egypt.
In 1994, Yitzhak Rabin, the fifth prime minister of Israel and Shimon Peres, the ninth prime minister and current president and Yasser Arafat were awarded the Nobel Peace Prize for signing the Oslo Accords.
In 2002, Daniel Cahaneman was awarded the Nobel Prize in economics for his work on prospect theory.
In 2004, the biochemist Avram Hershko and the biologist Aaron Ciechanover were awarded the Nobel Prize in chemistry.
In 2005, Robert Aumann was awarded the Nobel Prize in economics for his work on conflict and cooperation through game theory analysis.
In 2009, Ada E. Yonath was awarded the Nobel Prize in chemistry along with Venkatraman Ramakrishnan and Thomas Arthur Steitz for their studies on the structure and function of the ribosome.
In addition to the title Nobel Laureate, these Israelis won many awards for their life work and we all thank them for that.
I hope more Israelis will be awarded this distinguished prize and will bring more honor to Israel.